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Pregnancy is also known as gestation, which is a period of around 9 months, during this period unborn baby develops in the uterus. On average, full-term pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks (280 days), it may last for about 294 days also. Additional foods are required to improve weight gain in pregnancy (10-12 Kg) and birth weight of infants (about 3 Kg). During pregnancy, there is a different range of changes occurs in a female’s body. Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters and each trimester last for around three months.

  1. Trimester 1

During this period the embryo develops, this trimester takes first 12 weeks.  During this, muscles, bones, nervous system and other internal organs develop.

  1. Trimester 2

This is known as the second trimester and lasts for 13- 28 weeks. During this period, the mother can feel the movement of unborn baby.

  1. Trimester 3

This trimester lasts from 29th week till birth. Unborn baby get a development of stores of fat, eye, lungs, senses of hearing & taste


  1. As per WHO, the weight of embryo 500 gm or less is a cause of miscarriage.
  2. Approximately 80% of miscarriages occur during the first three months of pregnancy.
  3. Abortion caused by infection is defined as Septic abortion.
  4. Septic abortion is defined as abortion complicated by infection.
  5. Unsafe abortion is caused by unskilled persons and by substandard medical facilities or both.
  6. Avoid superstitions and food taboos.
  7. Do not use alcohol and tobacco. Take medicines only when prescribed.
  8. Eat Protein, Iron, Folic Acid and Calcium-rich foods regularly.


  • Sexually transmitted infections.
  • Diseases during pregnancy such as Gestational Diabetes, Renal diseases, Thyroid disease.
  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Uterine abnormalities.
  • Problems of the placenta.
  • Incompetent cervix (weakness of cervix)
  • Hormonal problems like polycystic ovary syndrome( PCOS), luteal phase defects
  • Uterine abnormalities
  • Problems of placenta


  • Previous history of spontaneous abortions.
  • Older age
  • Obesity or Overweight
  • Smoking, Alcohol, Unsafe drugs, Toxic substances, Too much Caffeine, Radiation


  • Missed menstrual cycle
  • Headache
  • Early pregnancy bleeding
  • Weight gain
  • Pregnancy-induced hypertension
  • Constipation
  • Vomiting and Heartburn
  • Cramps
  • Back or Hip pain
  • Anaemia
  • Depression
  • Tender or Swollen breasts
  • Diarrhoea

Above mentioned are the symptoms of pregnancy, but one should not rely on these only. One should use a home pregnancy test or visit your Gynaecologist for confirmation.


There are some of the following ways to lower the risk of miscarriage:

  • Regular physical activity.
  • The healthy diet prescribed by your Nutritionist.
  • Reducing stress
  • No to smoking & alcohol.
  • Medicines prescribed by your Gynaecologist.
  • Avoiding polluted locality.


Pregnancy is a demanding physiological state. The daily diet of a woman should contain an additional 350 calories, 0.5 g of protein during the first trimester and 6.9 g during the second trimester and 22.7 g during the third trimester of pregnancy. Some micronutrients are specially required in extra amounts during these physiological periods. During pregnancy, the female’s body goes through various physical and hormonal changes and there is an increased requirement of nutrients for pregnant women as compare to other women to nourish optimally women & unborn baby both. Research studies suggest many females are not getting the required amount of protein, essential fats, vitamins and minerals. Following are the role of nutrients during pregnancy:


During the pregnancy, Protein plays an important role in the growth and development of fetal tissues. It also helps in increasing blood supply to the unborn baby. During this time, ICMR recommended 83gm/day of Protein for optimal growth and development. This extra requirement can’t be met by normal food, for these Protein-rich foods are needed. Your Nutritionist can help you to meet this extra need easily.


ICMR recommended 1200mg/day for pregnant women for baby’s optimal bone & teeth development.


Folic Acid plays an important role in baby’s brain development, its deficiency causes neural tube defects, which affects the baby’s brain and spinal cord. ICMR recommended 500mcg/day of Folic Acid for pregnant women.


Iron deficiency Anaemia is very common among pregnant women. It ensures enough blood and oxygen to mother and unborn baby. ICMR recommended 35mg/day for pregnant women.

Apart from above-mentioned nutrients, there are several other nutrients; those play a vital role during pregnancy such as Selenium, Magnesium, Zinc, Choline, B complex, and Vitamins A-C-S-E-K.

Rx Pregnancy Diet team analyses actual requirements of vital nutrients on the basis of Gynaecologist’s advice,  ICMR’s guidelines and other International guidelines. Our objective is to provide science-based diet plans with our nutritional support to nourish woman & unborn baby and to support healthy delivery. For more, please contact us, we would be more than happy to assist you!

Did You Know?


Upma Jaggi

I would like to thank Dt Himanshu Rai from the bottom of my heart for the good body change he had bought in my lifestyle by his tips, guidance and the best diet plan, I had lost almost 10 kg in 4 months and all thanks to his amazing and totally effective diet plan.

I am so happy that I made the decision of consulting him as my weight loss dietitian and during this period he had changed the way I eat in my regular routine and also helped me to be a healthier person now.

He is the best dietitian and you all should consult him only if you are facing some issues related to your health like weight gain, weight loss and other health-related problems. He is so friendly in nature and provides the best results to his clients. I strongly recommend all to consult him as your dietitian.

Upma JaggiModel

I am an Engineer and working in the field of IT. I was struggling with multiple health issues such as poor digestion, stomach pain, poor energy, low blood pressure and was also an underweight girl. To handle these issues, I visited multiple Doctors and was not getting proper relief, one of my Doctors suspected that I am suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and suggested contacting a Nutritionist to deal with these issues with the help of scientific diet therapy. I was searching on Google and I got in touch with Nutritionist Himanshu Rai. He asked a couple of questions and diagnosed the problem very well in a scientific manner. After proper diagnosis, he prepared a scientific diet plan based on my current health situation. His diet plan was easy to follow and scientific. He eliminated some of the food items and put me on a Gluten-free diet and lactose-free diet. Since diet was easy, I started following properly, after some time, I started getting relief from these issues. My energy level came back, I gained weight, got relief from chronic digestive issues also. His diet therapy and approach were scientific and now I am enjoying my life wholeheartedly. Thank you so much!

Sana Farooqui

I am a Psychiatrist by profession and whole-day I have to sit at clinic for patients. Due to my hectic life style, I was in the habit of skipping meals and most of the time to quench my hunger, I used to eat easily available foods near to my clinic, and those were JUNK FOODS. After some time, I was feeling my energy level was low and my weight was increasing and at the same time i was also suffering from hormonal imbalance. My Gynaecologist diagnosed and told me that I am suffering from PCOS and suggested me to lose weight. I got in touch with Thinkyou team, they checked all the parameters and planned a scientific and tasty meal plan pattern for me. I followed their diet plans with full dedication and after two months, I lost 11 kg of weight. That was quite shocking because, I was eating all the delicious meals and I was losing weight also. I was feeling energetic, even I was also able to balance my hormones. Thanks Thinkyou for helping!

Sana FarooquiPshychiatrist

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