DIET PRESCRIBED BY A DIETITIAN IS ESSENTIAL FOR HEALTHY DELIVERY OF A BABY
Research studies suggest many
1. As per WHO, weight of embryo 500 gm or less is a cause of miscarriage.
2. Approximately 80% of miscarriages occur during the first three months of pregnancy.
3. Abortion cause by infection is defined as Septic abortion.
4. Septic abortionis defined as abortion complicated by infection.
5. Unsafe abortion is caused by unskilled persons and by substandard medical facilities or both.
6. Avoid superstitions and food taboos.
7. Do not use alcohol and tobacco. Take medicines only when prescribed.
8. Eat Protein, Iron, Folic Acid and Calcium rich foods regularly.
1. Sexually transmitted infections.
2. Diseases during pregnancy such as Gestational diabetes, Renal diseases, Thyroid disease.
3. Autoimmune disorders.
4. Uterine abnormalities.
5. Problems of placenta.
6. Incompetent cervix (weakness of cervix)
7. Hormonal problems like poly cystic ovary syndrome( PCOS), luteal phase defects
8. Uterine abnormalities
9. Problems of placenta
1. Previous history of spontaneous abortions.
2. Older age
3. Obesity or Overweight
7. Toxic substances
8. Too much Caffeine
There are some of following ways to lower the risk of miscarriage:
1. Regular physical activity.
2. Healthy diet prescribed by your Nutritionist.
3. Reducing stress
4. No to smoking
6. Medicines prescribed by your Gynecologyst.
7. Avoiding polluted locality.
Pregnancy is also known as gestation, which is a period of around 9 months, during this period unborn baby develops in the uterus. On an average, full term pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks (280 days), it may last for about 294 days also. Additional foods are required to improve weight gain in pregnancy (10-12 Kg) and birth weight of infants (about 3 Kg). During pregnancy, there is different range of changes occur in female’s body. Pregnancy is divided in to three trimesters and each trimester last for around three months.
During this period the embryo develops, this trimester takes first 12 weeks. During this, muscles, bones, nervous system and other internal organs develop.
This is known as second trimester and lasts for 13- 28 weeks. During this period, mother can feel the movement of unborn baby.
This trimester lasts from 29th week till birth. Unborn baby get development of stores of fat, eye, lungs, senses of hearing & taste
1. Missed menstrual cycle
3. Early pregnancy bleeding
4. Weight gain
5. Pregnancy induced hypertension
7. Vomitting and Heartburn
9. Back or Hip pain
Above mentioned are the symptoms of pregnancy, but one should not rely on these only. One should use home pregnancy test or visit to your Gynicologist for confirmation.
Pregnancy is a demanding physiological state. The daily diet of a woman should contain an additional 350 calories, 0.5 g of protein during first trimester and 6.9 g during second trimester and 22.7 g during third trimester of pregnancy. Some micronutrients are specially required in extra amounts during these physiological periods. During pregnancy, female’s body goes through various physical and hormonal changes and there is an increased requirement of nutrients for pregnant women as compare to other women to nourish optimally women & unborn baby both. Research studies suggest, many of females are not getting required amount of Protein, essential fats, vitamins and minerals. Following are the role of nutrients during pregnancy:
During the pregnancy, Protein plays important role in growth and development of fetal tissues. It also helps in increasing blood supply to unborn baby. During this time, ICMR recommended 83gm/day of Protein for optimal growth and development. This extra requirement can’t be met by normal food, for this Protein rich foods are needed. Your Nutritionist can help you to meet this extra need easily.
ICMR recommended 1200mg/day for pregnant women for baby’s optimal bone & teeth evelopment.
Folic Acid plays an important role in baby’s brain development, its deficiency causes neural tube defects, which affects the baby’s brain and spinal cord. ICMR recommended 500mcg/day of Folic Acid for pregnant women.
Iron deficiency Anaemia is very common among pregnant women. It ensures enough blood and oxygen to mother and unborn baby. ICMR recommended 35mg/day for pregnant women. Apart from above mentioned nutrients, there are several other nutrients; those play a vital role during pregnancy such as Selenium, Magnesium, Zinc, Choline, B complex, and Vitamins A-C-S-E-K.
Rx Pregnancy Diet team analyses actual requirements of vital nutrients on the basis of Gynaecologist’s advice, ICMR’s guidelines and other International guidelines. Our objective is to provide science based diet plan with our nutritional support to nourish woman & unborn baby and to support healthy delivery. For more please contact
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